If Kempe Gowda is regarded as the founder of
Bangalore, Tipu Sultan can be labelled as the man who gave the city its fame in Europe.
It was only after Tipu took on the British and vowed to send them out if
India that the cities if Srirangapatna from where he ruled, Mysore and Bangalore became familiar to not only the British but also to the French and other countries in Europe.
The Four Mysore wars between Hyder and Tipu on one side and the British on the other made these towns a household name. The capture of
Bangalore by the British in 1791 and the fierce resistance by Tipu’s army in Bangalore during the last war in 1799 drew the admiration of the entire British Army. Mysore
When the British overran Srirangapatna on May 4, 1799, the British heaved a sigh of relief.
first came under the British and subsequently the Wodeyars. Bangalore
Over the centuries, 213 years to be precise, the City seems to have forgotten Tipu Sultan altogether. People undertake a trip to Srirangapatna to see the relics of Tipu Sultan’s age. What an irony.
itself boats of a number of places that was closely associated with Tipu. Yet, only a handful have visited these monuments. Bangalore
The first legacy of Tipu in
is the armoury. Located behind the Bangalore Bangalore Medical College, it is approachable from the road adjoining the Scouts Building opposite the . The armoury was a few years ago in a deplorable condition. It is in a much better condition now, though much needs to be done to attract tourists and students of history. KIMS Hospital
The armoury was one of the many buildings that Tipu built to store his ammunition, including rockets.
Near the armoury is the summer
. Though only a part of the palace remains, it can give us a glimpse of the grandeur of the period. palace of Tipu Sultan
Historian Suryanath U Kamath, who has done a lot of research on
, says Tipu stored his rockets at Kanakanhalli which is today Kanakapura. Another historian Suresh Moona has said that the areas around Jumma Masjid in today’s City Market and Taramandelpet were store houses of Tipu’s rockets and other pieces of artillery. Bangalore
Many of the rockets of Tipu were fine tuned at Taramandalpet but not a trace of these areas remain. The rockets were fired from Taramandelpet and they made a silver pattern in the sky. Hence, the name Taramandalpet (
Tara means stars).
The rockets stored at Taramandelpet and City Market were fired from the
fort which today is located at City Market. The fort also has a close connection with Tipu. It was Hyder Ali and Tipu who renovated the mud fort of Bangalore which was initially built by Kempe Gowda. Bangalore
After the third war of
in 1791 with the British, Tipu dismantled the fort and reduced it in size. Even with the reduced size, the British had to battle hard for 21 days before they could breach the fort. Mysore
The British faced Tipu’s rockets for the first time from the
fort. S.K. Aruni of the Indian Council of Historical Research (ICHR) has records to prove that at least four British soldiers were killed in the rocket attacks. Bangalore
Tipu introduced the art of toy making in Chennapatna and silk in
, Ramanagar and Channapatna and Devanahalli. Thus the credit for bringing Bangalore silk to Karnataka in general and Bangalore-Mysore corridor in particular goes to Tipu. Today, Mysore Mysore silk is one of the best known brands of , and Tipu took personal interest in sericulture and established 21 centres, including a silk rearing unit in Channapatna. India
Lalbagh is another feather in the cap of Hyder and Tipu. A British Botanist Francis Buchanan visited Lalbagh in 1899 and observed that Tipu had introduced mulbery on a trial basis.
To Tipu also goes the credit of importing mulberry from
China through Bengal. He set up 21 centres to boost mulbery cultivation in the then . He also encouraged sugarcane cultivation. Mysore State
Of course, do not forget Devanahalli, which is near
. It is here that Tipu was born and the house where he spent his childhood still exists. The Devanhalli fort also has a close connection with Tipu Sultan. So does Nandi Hills which houses the summer retreat Bangalore and a fort. He also introduced Nilgiri plantation in palace of Tipu for the first time and set up an experimental nursery at the foothills of Nandi Betta. Of course, who can forget the Tipu Drop. More about these two towns in my next article. India