Marathalli or Marathahalli is one of the many localities in
A majority of the people and even residents of Marathalli say the name of their
locality is from Maruti or Hanuman. Bangalore
They say that there was a
in the locality and, hence, the
name. Marathahalli is derived from the Sanskrit word “Maruti” meaning Lord
Hanuman and Halli meaning village in
Kannada. Other people believe that a fighter aircraft called “Marut” crash landed
at the place. Therefore, the area came to be called Marathalli. temple of Maruti
Very few people know that Marathalli is one of the handful of places in and around the City that predate
There is no doubt that several centuries ago, this was a small village and the residents depended
on forestry, agriculture and they also reared cattle and were into poultry
However, agriculture was thee main source of profession of the residents of Marathalli.
Another legend about this place is that it was here that the Marathas settled down and this was during the reign of Tipu Sultan, the ruler of
With scores of Maratha families living here, it came to be called Maratha Halli
which later came to be known as Marathalli. Mysore
A few other residents say Marathalli is named after St. Martha’s Hospital.
Whatever its origin, we now know that Marathalli is one of the oldest places in and around
. Historians and
archaeologists say that the first mention of Marathalli as a settlement is in a
written record belonging to the Vijayanagar Dynasty in 1508. However, there is
proof to say that this locality existed even in the middle ages. Bangalore
The Someshwara Temple of Marathalli and an inscription on an Ashwatha Katte date the inhabitation of Marathalli to the eleventh century. This makes Marathalli much older than
or other towns
in and around the Garden City. Bangalore
A few decades ago, the Someshwara temple was the centre of the Marathalli village. But today, it stands away from the centre point of the locality. Historians date the
to the Cholas and this was built
sometime during the eleventh century. Someshwara Temple
is a typical Chola structure. It is really interesting to note that it was from
the time of the Cholas that the penchant for constructing Someshwara temples
began and almost all such temples are in and around temple of Someshwara . Bangalore
of the Cholas is in Ulsoor or Halasuru but this was substantially repaired and
renovated by Kempe Gowda). Someshwara Temple
Temple at Marathalli is as old as the at Agara in Sarjapur. Thus, we
find many Someshwara Temples of the Chola era in Someshwara Temple . Bangalore
Coming back to Marathalli, historians discovered an old inscription on the Aswathakatte or platform of a banyan tree.
The inscription belonged to the Vijayanagara kingdom and it is dated 1508. It mentions the reign of Viranarasimha Raya or Viranarasimha the third of Vijayanagara kingdom in 1508.
The inscription also mentions that Brahma, Saptarishis, Harihara and the god of
were among the witnesses of
Viranarasimha's rule in the Vijayanagara kingdom. Varanasi
Historians have mot been able to assign a reason for the inscription. The inscription only records the reign of a Tuluva King of Vijayanagar.
Viranarasimha was the brother of Krishnadeva Raya (1509-1529) and he followed the Vijayanagar Emperor, Narasa Nayaka, to the throne. Viranarasimha reigned for four years, between 1505 and 1509. Soon after he ascended the throne, he faced rebellion from several quarters, including the Ummattur chiefs.
According to folklore, Viranarasimha wanted his minister, Saluva Thimmarasu, to pluck the eyes of Krishna Deva Raya so that his con could ascend the Vijayanagar throne.
We may surmise that Viranarasimha had the inscription put up as he wanted to exert his authority. Whatever the reason, we now know that Marathalli was part of the Vijayanagar kingdom.
The Vijayanagar inscription is in Telugu and this shows us that Kannada perhaps was not the mother tongue or language here, at least till six centuries ago.
The inscription testifies to the fact that Telugu was the language of the Vijayanagar court along with Kannada.
and the Telugu inscription are the only relics of yore. Today, the temple has
been renovated and it bears little resemblance t the ancient structure that it
was. As far as Marathalli goes, it is an important locality of Someshwara Temple and even its residents
have forgotten the local history of the area, caught up as they are in the
throes of modernization and the real estate
Marathalli is home to several IT and BT companies and it is also the place where several companies known for branded apparels and furniture shops have their establishments.