The locality was named after a farm established in the late years of the 20th century by one of
greatest industrialists. He was a man who pioneered the industrial revolution
and his name today is synonymous with the industrial house that today
manufactures a range of products. The name still stands for quality and
He was also instrumental in helping set up the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) and had a hand in the aviation history of
He is J. R. D. Tata and he was among the first industrialist in India India to recognize the importance of silk and he
set up a silk farm in
in 1896 in a locality called Thyagarajanagar. Bangalore
The area where the Silk Farm came up was known and even today it goes by the name of Tata Silk Farm. Though there is no farm, the name still exists, a reminder of the pioneering spirit of one of
greatest industrialist. India
The Tata Silk Farm today is full of houses and small commercial and business establishments. It is located just off the busy
and South End Road
and borders the Yediyur lake.
The silk farm once spun yards of pure mulberry silk and it was beehive of silk industry in
India. The origin of silk in and around (after the fall of Tipu) can be
traced to 1800 when the Wodeyars set up a silk unit in Mogenahalli in
Chennapatna. The silk unit took off and Mogenahalli soon became the new centre
of silk industry in the then Bangalore . Mysore
In 1893 J.R.D. Tata visited
saw for himself the Japanese method of rearing silk worms and growing mulberry.
In 1896 he hit upon the idea of setting up a silk unit in Japan . The then Dewan, K. Seshadri Iyer, enthusiastically
seconded the proposal and gave land for the establishment of a silk farm with a
Tata planned the unit on the lines of the Japanese silk farm that he had seen while on the visit to that country. He personally invited a Japanese couple, Mrs. and Mr. Odzu, to help set up the
Tata never wanted to get into silk business. He had seen how Tipu had tried to set up silk industry in
. As an industrialist,
Tata realised the importance of reviving silk in India India
and, hence, chose .
The Odzus trained V.M.Appadhorai Mudaliar and Laxman Rao at the newly set up farm which the Wodeyars gave to the Tatas free of cost. The Wodeyars also promised an annual subsidy of Rs. 3,000 to the silk unit.
The silk unit became operational during 1902 and initially it had a small filature of ten basins. The large stretch of lands adjoining the farm were planted with varieties of mulberry.
The Tata Silk Farm, as it came to be known, soon became the premier centre of silk in India and people from different regions, including Mysore, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra were trained here.
Soon, the farm which was located between the then villages of Nagasandra and Yediyur proved to be an inspiration for a similar venture to be set up in
now Sri Lanka and in other
parts of . India
In January 1910, the farm was handed over to the Salvation Army by Jamshedji’s son, Dorabji. The Salvation Army took up management of the farm, expanded the mulberry plantation and also set up a silk unit in Ramanagar.
Records of the Salvation Army show how it attempted to make it a profitable organisation. The silk farm was rated the best of its kind in the country and it won several prizes and medals.
However, the setting up of Basavanagudi and the growing urbanization of the area spelt the doom of the farm. In 1949, the Government set up a silk board and son the farm went into oblivion.
The farm was subsequently dismantled and the land sold as sites. Today, the name Tata Silk Farm still stands but there is no longer any farm. Even the residents of the area have forgotten how their locality once guided the silk industry in
is one of
the leading producers of silk and Karnataka manufactures the majority of silk. Unfortunately,
the role of Tata and Tata Silk Farm seems
to have been forgotten. India