When Tipu was killed in May 1799 by the British in Srirangapatna, the
once again passed into the hands of the Wodeyars. Mysore Kingdom
The Wodeyars transferred the capital from Srirangapatna to
. Krishnaraja Wodeyar, the third, had ascended the throne in 1799. His rule was cut short when the British in 1831 decided to take over the governance of Mysore on the saw the pretext of maladministration. Mysore State
It was during this period that
Bangalore saw the rule of the Mysore Kingdom by two Commissioners, Cubbonn and Bowring, who improved and contributed to its growth and development. Bangalore
Krishnaraja Wodeyar passed away in 1868 and he was succeeded by Chamarajendra Wodeyar. Yet, it was only in 1881 that the British decided to hand over the
kingdom back to the Wodeyars. Chamarajendra Wodeyar (1868-1894), Vani Vilas Sannidhana (Regent from 1894-1902), Krishnaraja Wodeyar (1894-1940), the fourth, and Jayachamarajendra Wodeyar (1940-1950) set the Mysore on the path of development and progress.. Mysore State
The Wodeyars were helped in the administration of the State by the Diwans who weilded enormous power. Almost all the Dewans did their best to help make
Mysore State one of the most progressive in . India
The first Dewan was C. Rangacharlu (1881-82). He was followed by K. Seshadri Iyer (1883-1901). The others Dewans are: T.R.V. Thambuchetty (1901), P.N. Krishnamurthy (1901-06), V.P. Madhava Rao (1906-09), T. Ananda Rao (1909-1912), M. Visvesvaraya (1912-19), M. Kantha Raje Urs (1919-22), Sir Albion Banerjee (1922-26), Sir Mirza Ismail (1926-41), Incharge Diwan Sir M.N. Krishna Rao, N. Madhava Rao (1941-46), and Arcot Ramaswamy Mudaliar (1946-47).
After Mudaliar, the post of Dewan was abolished.
had joined the Indian union and the post of the Maharaja also lapsed after the death of Jayachamarajendra Wodeyar. Mysore
Many of the Dewans had a direct role in the emergence of
Bangalore as one of the foremost cities of . Let me start with Dewan Rangacharlu. India
He was instrumental in setting up Whitefield as a colony for Anglo-Indians. It was during his tenure that the Bangalore-Mysore railway line was completed and work commenced on the Bangalore-Tiptur line. He also set up a committee of people which could bring to the Government’s notice views of the people on the functioning and policy of the State.
It was under Seshadri Iyer that
Asia’s first hydro-electric generating unit was set up in Shivasamudra (1900). The Kolar Gold Fields was made functional and the railway netwrosk extended by 170 miles. Mysore
This Dewan had a special love for
. It was he who planned the new extensions of Basavanagudi and Malleswaram (1898), the Glass House in Lalbagh (1889), Bangalore (1900), Hesaraghatta Water Supply Scheme (1896). Victoria Hospital
He also encouraged the establishment of the Indian Institute of Science (1911).
Sir M. Visvesvaraya was one of the most famous Dewans. To him goes the credit of setting up the
Mechanical Engineering School (1913), Agricultural School (1913), Hebbal Agricultural Training School (1912), (1916) and Kannada Sahitya Parishat (1915). Mysore University
He also started the Bhadravati Iron and Steel factory, Sandal Oil and Soap Factories (1916), and Tata Silk Farm Laboratory (1913) in
. The lab has disappeared but the name remains. Bangalore
We also owe him the credit for commencing work on Krishnaraja Sagar Dam near
. Not many know that this statesman engineer took keen interest in the beautification of Mysore . Bangalore
Another Dewan, Sir Mirza Ismail also took up works to beautify
. He worked on setting up the Tippegondanahalli project for supplying water to Bangalore and was instrumental in setting up Mandya Sugar Factory, ITL, the Porcelain Factory, Hindustan Aircraft. Bangalore
He conceived the Silver Jubilee Park and Kalasipalyam Bus Stand in
Bangalore and okayed beautification of circles and intersections in . Bangalore
The Dewans cooperated closely and advised the Mysore Maharajas in taking up developmental works. Our political masters today can lo ear a lesson from the way the Dewans worked.
Even today, the buildings, factories, roads, extensions and connectivity thought about and implemented by the Dewans under the benevolent Wodeyar rulers stand up to the best of scrutiny. Unfortunately, succeeding generations of rulers have failed to cash in on the bedrock of development initiated by the Dewans.